Quick Facts
Date 2020-02-17 Viewed

• The population of South Korea is just over 50 Million. Almost 10 million people (40% of the population) live in Seoul, 3.5 million live in Busan and 2.5 million live in Daegu. The vast majority of Koreans live in heavily urbanized cities from 100,000-10 million in population.

• North Korea borders China. Japan is a short ferry trip from the south coast of South Korea.

• It takes about 6 hours to drive from the top to the bottom of South Korea – a lot less on the KTX (high speed train).

• Korea has a continental climate with dry cold winters and hot humid summers. There is a swift transition from winter to summer conditions between April to early May with an equal reversal in late October. The wettest months are between June and September. The average temperature ranges in Seoul are from -9 to 0 degrees Celsius in January to 22 to 31 degrees Celsius in August.

• The principal national religions are Confucianism, Shamanism, Christianity, Buddhism and Chondokyo.

• Korean is spoken by the entire population. English is the principal secondary language and is taught in all secondary schools.

• Mountains cover 70% of Korea’s land mass, making it one of the most mountainous regions in the world.

• The majority of Koreans have one of the following surnames: Kim, Lee, Park, Choi, Jeong, Jang, Han, and Lim.

• A Korean name consists of a family name, in almost every case one syllable, plus a given name usually of two syllables. The surname comes first.

• A Korean woman does not take her husband’s family name, but their children take their father’s family name.

• The Korean flag is called “Taegeukgi” in Korean. The white background of the flag means peace. The red and blue circle in the center is called ‘Taeguk’, the origin of all things in the universe. The blue part of ‘Taeguk’ is called ‘Eum’ and represents all negative aspects of the balance that is typical for the symbol. The red part is called ‘Yang’ and describes all positive aspects. The trigrams are heaven (upper-left) and at the other corner earth, water (upper-right) and at the other corner fire.